What is SEO, how it works & 6 Steps to learn SEO

Have you ever felt like your awesome content is playing hide-and-seek in the vast jungle of the web? That’s where the superhero called SEO swoops in to save the day!

Using SEO is like putting up bright signs, decorating your shop, and making sure it’s easy for people to find you in the middle of all the hustle and bustle in that market. It’s like telling a good story to both people and search engines. 

So, when someone is looking for something online, they type it into a search engine like Google. SEO is what helps your website show up on the first page of results, making it more likely for people to click on it.

You see, SEO is like a secret language that helps your website stand out and get noticed.

So through this blog welcome to the world of SEO, where your website becomes the show’s star! If you’re someone curious to know what SEO is all about and why it matters so much in today’s business-driven world you’re at the right place.

This blog could be your ultimate backstage guide, your go-to manual for all things SEO. We’re here to break down the jargon, demystify the algorithms, and help you navigate the ever-evolving landscape of the digital world.

What is SEO?

Let’s start this section by understanding the most asked question by any individual in today’s digital era, What is SEO?

Search engine optimization refers to the process of improving the quality and quantity of website traffic to a website or a web page from search engines by ensuring presence of relevant content and keywords that your target audience is searching on the web. It covers a broad spectrum of techniques like on-page optimization, off-page optimization, content generation, link building, and technical optimization, among others.

After understanding the essence of SEO, you might be curious about its journey through the years. Have you ever wondered why the concept of SEO holds such paramount significance for businesses today?

Let’s explore its evolution in these 5 stages

Stage 1: The Birth of Search Engines

  • In the early days, the inception of search engines marked the dawn of the SEO era. 
  • As the internet rapidly expanded, search engines became the gatekeepers, allowing users to navigate the vast online landscape.

Stage 2: Pioneering the Search Landscape

  • Early search engines like Archie, Excite, and Yahoo! revolutionized how users discovered information. 
  • They employed simple algorithms, indexing web pages based on keywords and meta tags, paving the way for user-friendly internet searches.

Stage 3: The Initial Approach to SEO

  • SEO in its infancy primarily focused on keyword stuffing and meta tag manipulation. 
  • Webmasters strategically placed keywords, resulting in content designed more for search engines than human readers. 
  • However, these practices, known as “keyword stuffing” and “meta tag manipulation,” often led to a poor user experience.

Stage 4: The Impact of Google on SEO

  • The emergence of Google in the late 1990s reshaped the SEO landscape. 
  • Google’s PageRank algorithm revolutionized how search results were determined, prioritizing the quality and relevance of web pages over keyword density.
  •  Subsequent algorithm updates like Panda and Penguin emphasized the importance of quality content and ethical strategies.

Stage 5: The Rise of Content and Keyword Relevance

  • As search engines evolved, the focus shifted from keyword stuffing to providing valuable content. 
  • Google’s emphasis on high-quality content forced a shift in SEO strategies. 
  • Website owners and professionals began prioritizing informative, well-crafted content, establishing themselves as authoritative sources in their respective industries.

Also Read – 12 Different Types Of SEO – Know What Your Brand Needs In 2024

Well, fast forward to today, and SEO has evolved into a sophisticated balance between content, user experience, and technical finesse. 

On that note, let’s shed some light on the basic components of SEO:

  • On-Page SEO: Picture this as the art of storytelling on your website. 
    • It involves identifying the optimal SEO keywords your target audience is searching for on search engines and making sure you have relevant content for the same on your website.
    • Your website’s narrative should be engaging, informative, and relevant to what users are searching for and should also strategically incorporate high-performing keywords to enhance discoverability and optimize for search engine algorithms.
  • Off-Page SEO: Imagine your website is a popular hangout spot, and other websites are recommending it to their friends. 
    • It is about building this digital reputation through backlinks. 
    • The more reputable websites vouch for yours, the more search engines trust and recommend your content.
    • This link-building strategy contributes to improved domain authority and enhances the likelihood of favorable SERPS.
  • Technical SEO: Think of this as the backstage crew ensuring everything runs smoothly.
    • It involves optimizing the infrastructure of your website, making it easy for search engines to crawl and index your content. 
    • It involves a comprehensive optimization of the website’s infrastructure, ensuring that it enhances search engine accessibility.

So, as you navigate the digital landscape, remember that SEO is not just a tool; it’s the language that helps your website communicate effectively with both search engines and human users.

Proschool teaches SEO and much more in just 3 months, that too in classrooms near you

How Does SEO Work In 2024?

By now you know what SEO is all about and how important it is for any website but the real question is do you know how does SEO work?

Well search engines, rely on complex algorithms to decide which pages to show for a given search query. While these algorithms consider numerous factors, here are the four pillars of SEO:

  • Tech (Technical SEO): This is like the backstage work on your website. It involves making your website loads fast, simplifying the code complexity, and optimizing it so that search engines can easily explore and understand it.
  • Content (Content SEO): Your content should not only be helpful and engaging but it should also be updated regularly. The more expertise you show on a topic, the better your content will perform in search engine rankings.
  • Offpage (Off-Page SEO): This is like building your website’s reputation outside of your own space. It includes getting backlinks from other reputed websites, public relations, guest posting, and responding to Help a Reporter Out queries (HARO).
  • Popularity: If people know and search for your brand, it builds trust. This trust is a signal to search engines, indicating that your content is reliable. This popularity factor can contribute to higher rankings in search results.

Whenever SEO is in the spotlight, you’ll often hear about algorithms. But what exactly is the role of algorithms in SEO?

Think of algorithms as the brains behind the search engine operation. Search engines use sophisticated algorithms to decide which web pages are most relevant to a user’s query. These algorithms consider a multitude of factors to rank pages, ensuring that users get the best possible results.

Over time, search engines continually refine and update their algorithms to deliver more accurate and valuable results to users.

Yes, algorithms seem complex but it’s not that complicated when you learn them.

Also Read – Top 10 Google Algorithms You Should Know Before You Start Doing SEO

But are you wondering where to learn about them from?

Well, you can explore the intricacies of algorithms and easily adapt your SEO strategy by gaining insights from seasoned experts. The instructors at IMS Proschool, who lead the 3-month digital marketing course, hail from esteemed institutions like IITs and IIMs. Their wealth of experience promises valuable lessons and practical insights to enhance your understanding.

The course also covers topics like Crawling and Indexing.

Crawling is like a librarian systematically going through each aisle and shelf to discover and collect every book (webpage) available. 

  • Once a page is discovered, it’s indexed, which is akin to the librarian cataloging the book for easy retrieval. 
  • This index is a massive database that search engines use to quickly match user queries with relevant web pages.

In simpler terms, crawling is the exploration process, and indexing is the organization process. The efficiency of this duo ensures that when you type a search query, the search engine can promptly fetch the most relevant results from its well-organized library.

So, algorithms guide the decision-making, crawling explores the web, and indexing organizes the information, all working together to make your online searches as quick and accurate as possible.

Another important factor for the functioning of SEO is UX.

UX, which stands for “user experience,” revolves around ensuring a seamless and delightful experience for users once they arrive on your website.

Boosting your website’s SEO isn’t just about technical tricks; it’s also about creating a positive user experience. Here are some key aspects that impact both UX and SEO:

  1. Slow-loading pages frustrate users and harm SEO.
  2. Ensure a seamless experience across all devices.
  3. Engaging and informative copy keeps users on your site, influencing SEO.
  4. A clear structure aids UX by providing logical paths for users and benefits SEO by creating an understandable content roadmap.

Did you know the Digital marketing course offered by IMS Proschool teaches you the key strategies of website development and SEO as well? They aim to make you aware of the necessary tricks so that you can generate sales while maintaining cost.

So optimize for a positive user experience, and you’ll directly and indirectly enhance your SEO. It’s a win-win!

6 Fundamental Steps to Learn SEO

While diving into search engine optimization (SEO) might seem complex, starting your journey doesn’t have to be overwhelming or pricey.

Everyone starts as a beginner, and with simple steps, you can understand the standards of search engines. This section will provide you with 6 easy steps to master the fundamentals of SEO!

Step 1: Understanding SEO Basics: 

The first and most crucial part of the SEO journey is to carefully grasp the fundamentals.

  • Explore online resources and courses that break down the core concepts of SEO like meaning of commonly used words, learning the basics of website development and how to use SEO tools, etc.
  • Understand what SEO is, how search engines work, and the significance of organic traffic. 
  • Make sure to explore different platforms to understand foundational knowledge of SEO as it will act as a compass throughout the learning process.

In fact you can enroll in the Digital Marketing course offered by IMS Proschool, accessible at over 10 centers across India

  • IMS Proschool alumni are currently making waves in top-notch companies like EY, Tech Mahindra, TCS, Bank of America, and more. You can work here too!
  • This course gears you up for the job market in just 3 months, ensuring you’re job-ready with an attractive package awaiting you.
  • Whether you’re a student or planning to work, having this course certification on your CV adds significant value. 

So do consider checking out the digital marketing course by IMS Proschool as it can be a game-changer for you.

Step 2: Keyword Research and Strategy: 

Mastering SEO begins with understanding the fundamental building blocks, and at the core of it all are keywords. 

  • To become proficient in SEO, one must delve into the intricacies of keyword research and usage. 
  • These words and phrases are the backbone of how people search for information online, making them essential for optimizing your content and improving your website’s visibility. 

A proper keyword exploration would involve the following:

  • SEO planning: Begin your SEO journey by exploring tools like Google Keyword Planner to understand the keywords people use in searches.
  • Identify keywords based on your business: Pinpoint high-relevance, high-search-volume keywords that align with your content and audience using tools like SEMrush or Ahrefs.
  • Speak Your Audience’s Language: Use the words in your content that you think your audience would use when looking for information. It’s about speaking their language and making your content align with what they’re likely to search for.
  • Strategic Keyword Placement: Strategically place keywords in titles, meta descriptions, headers, and content to signal relevance to search engines.
  • Adapt and Optimize: Regularly revisit and adapt your strategy for user experience and search engine favor.

Why not become a certified Digital marketer with expertise in SEO, SMM, SEM etc. in just 3 months

Step 3: On-Page SEO Techniques

Well, on-page SEO is the art of fine-tuning your web content to be both user-friendly and search engine-friendly. 

  • It involves crafting compelling and relevant content and optimizing meta tags, headings, and URL structures. 
  • The goal is to ensure that your pages are easily discoverable, well-presented, and cater to both the human audience and search engine algorithms.

Here’s the breakdown of how you can carry out proper on-page SEO:

  1. Content: Your content is the hero. It’s not just about information; it’s about making it compelling and relevant.
    • Integrate keywords seamlessly into your content, steering clear of excessive repetition (also known as keyword stuffing).
    • Provide a comprehensive response to the query, ensuring your content offers genuine utility to users. 
    • Craft distinctive content that presents something unique compared to your competitors.  
  • Meta Tags:  Meta tags are like your content’s backstage pass. 
    • Create meta titles and descriptions that are not just informative but magnetic, enticing users to click and explore.
    • A meta description is simply an HTML element describing your webpage’s content however it doesn’t have a direct impact on Google rankings. 
    • It plays an important role in influencing user behavior, determining whether they click on your page or opt for another. 

Here’s how you can create effective meta descriptions that can lead to increased search traffic.

    • Consider Mobile Devices: Keep in mind that Google truncates meta descriptions around 150 – 160 characters on mobile devices. Opt for concise descriptions to ensure optimal visibility.
    • Include Target Keywords: Incorporate your target keyword to help users quickly assess if your page aligns with their search intent. Google may bold keywords or synonyms, visually emphasizing them and potentially boosting clicks.
    • Use Active Voice: Employ active voice for a more concise and clear message. This not only saves space but effectively communicates your content to users.
    • Add a Call to Action (CTA): Entice users to click by including compelling CTAs such as “try for free” or “find out more.”
    • Check for Duplicate Descriptions: Utilize Site Audit features given in various SEO tools like SEMRUSH to identify and rectify any duplicate meta descriptions, ensuring each page has a unique and tailored description.

Also Read – 10 Free & Paid SEO Tools You Should Use To Rank #1 In 2024

  • Headings: They are your content’s navigation system. 
    • Make them clear, concise, and intriguing
    • Utilize the H1 tag for your page title or headline, establishing the primary theme. Integrate H2s for subtopics, creating a structured hierarchy. For more in-depth content, incorporate H3s, H4s, and so forth.
    • Infuse keywords and their variations into headings. This provides Google with additional context about your page’s structure and the information it encompasses, reinforcing the relevance of your content.

By aligning headings with your content’s structure and incorporating relevant keywords, you enhance the likelihood of ranking higher in search results.

  • URLs: Your URL structure is like a map.
    • Pick keywords in your URL that directly relate to your content, making it easy for users to understand what your page is all about.
    • Avoid using random numbers, publication dates, or full sentences. Sometimes website themes automatically generate these, so be sure to tweak your URL before hitting publish.
    • It’s a smart move to include your target keyword in the URL. This ensures that your URL aligns with the main topic of your content.
    • Make sure your URL is short and crisp which makes it easy to remember and search by your target audience.

Step 4: Off-Page SEO Strategies

Off-page SEO involves employing strategies beyond your website to enhance its rankings. 

  • These tactics encompass activities such as link-building, guest posting, and social media marketing. 
  • The ultimate aim is to establish your site as trustworthy and authoritative in the eyes of both search engines and users. 
  • This facet is integral to a comprehensive and successful SEO strategy.

Let’s explore some major strategies to conquer Off-page SEO

  • Building Backlinks:
    • Cultivate links from other reputable websites to boost your site’s credibility.
    • Quality matters over quantity; focus on links from trustworthy sources.
    • Backlinks act as digital endorsements, signaling to search engines that your content is reliable.
  • Social Media and SEO:
    • Engage on social platforms to amplify your online presence.
    • Social signals, like shares and comments, contribute to search engine algorithms, impacting your ranking.

Step 5: Technical SEO Essentials

Unlike other SEO tactics that focus on content and links, Technical SEO enhances a website’s infrastructure. 

Now, the term might sound complex, but it’s just about optimizing the technical stuff on a website. This includes things like speed, mobile-friendliness, sitemaps, schemas, and more – all to make your site a cozy place for search engines to explore.

Let’s explore them in detail:

  • Site Speed: Your website’s speed should be like the Usain Bolt of the internet. It’s a big deal.  
    • Slow websites not only annoy users but also get a thumbs-down from search engines. 
    • Speed it up by tweaking images, compressing stuff, and making the whole experience snappy.
  • Mobile Optimization: Make sure that your website shines on mobile devices because, let’s face it, that’s where most folks are hanging out online nowadays. 
    • Ensuring your site looks great and works smoothly on all screen sizes is key.
    • Ensure your website loads quickly for a smoother user experience.
    • Optimize for mobile devices to cater to the increasingly mobile user base.
    • Faster sites often rank higher, and mobile-friendly design is crucial for reaching a broader audience.
  • Understanding and Implementing Structured Data: Think of structured data like giving your webpage a little passport.
    • It makes search engines understand your content better.
    • Implement schema markup to provide context about your content.
    • This enhances the chances of rich snippets in search results, offering users more information before clicking.

Also Read – Top 15 SEO Skills That Can Make You a Search Engine Wizard

Step 6: Keeping Up with SEO Trends

Search engines like to switch things up, and being in the know helps you navigate through the waves of change.

By keeping updated on the most recent alterations to algorithms and adjusting strategies accordingly, you can optimize reach, visibility, and engagement with your target audience. 

Here are some pointers to stay current with algorithm changes:

  • Read Industry Blogs and News
  • Attend Marketing Events and Conferences
  • Stay Active on Social Media for the latest trends
  • Data Analysis Tools
  • Consult with SEO Experts

Well, staying in the loop with industry trends is a breeze when you’re connected with agency specialists actively working in the field. 

The Digital Marketing course at IMS Proschool takes this to the next level!

  •  Industry professionals from leading companies deliver over 7 hours of faculty-led training each week, offering invaluable insights. 
  • They even maintain a strong connection with their students, ensuring that knowledge and connections continue to grow.

 It’s not just a course; it’s an ongoing journey of learning and networking!

SEO is not a one-and-done deal; it’s a journey of perpetual learning. In the dynamic world of SEO, being flexible and ready to evolve is the key to sustained success.

Also Read – Digital Marketing Concepts for young entrepreneurs| SEO, SEM, SMO


As we come towards the end of this blog it is very clear that understanding and implementing SEO is not just a digital marketing strategy but a compass that can guide you towards your online success. In this blog, we’ve explored how SEO enhances visibility, drives organic traffic, and aligns your content with user intent. The importance of this skill in the ever-evolving digital landscape cannot be overstated.

For those ready to start on their SEO journey, the time is now. Start by incorporating the fundamentals: grasp the power of keywords, craft content that resonates, and navigate the technical intricacies. It’s a journey that promises increased online presence and engagement.

And here’s the exciting part you don’t have to navigate this path alone. To make your SEO education more organized and easier, consider enrolling in the digital marketing course offered by IMS Proschool. It’s a gateway to in-depth knowledge, industry insights, and hands-on experience. So why wait?  Dive into the world of SEO and unlock the potential to elevate your online presence. 

Your journey begins today.


  • What is SEO and How it Works?

SEO involves improving a website’s visibility on search engines, such as Google. This is achieved by optimizing on-page elements like keywords and content quality, technical aspects like website speed and crawling, and off-page factors like backlinks. The goal is to help search engines recognize your website’s relevance to user queries, leading to better rankings in search results.

  • How to do SEO for Beginners?

Beginners should focus on keyword research, on-page optimization (meta tags, headers), creating quality content, and ethical link-building. You can use tools like Google Analytics for performance monitoring.

  • Is SEO Easy to Learn?

SEO is easy to learn. You can start with basics like keywords and gradually explore advanced topics. Continuous learning and practical application are essential for proficiency.

  • How is SEO Done?

SEO involves a comprehensive approach: conduct a website audit, optimize on-page elements, enhance technical aspects, implement a content strategy, and build quality backlinks. Regular monitoring using tools like Google Search Console ensures ongoing optimization.